What is a Pattern ?
A pattern in a set of fundamental movements, mainly defence and attack, set in a logical sequence to deal with one or more imaginary opponents. Patterns are an indication of a students progress, a barometer in evaluating an individuals technique.
Why do we perform Patterns ?
We practice patterns to improve our Tae Kwon-Do techniques, to develop sparring techniques, to improve flexibility of movement, master body shifting, develop muscles, balance and breath control. They also enable us to acquire techniques which cannot be obtained from other forms of training.
Why are there 24 Patterns?
The reason for 24 patterns in Tae Kwon-Do is because the founder, Major General Choi Hong Hi, compared the life of a man with a day in the life of the earth and believed that some people should strive to bequeath a good spiritual legacy to forthcoming generations and in doing so gain immortality.
Therefore, if we can leave something behind for the welfare of mankind, maybe it will be the most important thing to happen in our lives.
As the Founder said:
“Here I leave Tae Kwon-Do for mankind.
As a trace of a moan of the late 20th Century.
The 24 patterns represent 24 hours,
One day or all my life.”
The following Points Should be Considered when
- Patterns should begin and end on the same spot. This will indicate the performers accuracy.
- Correct posture and facing must be maintained at all times.
- Muscles of the body should be tensed and relaxed at the proper critical moments in the pattern.
- Each movement should be accelerated or decelerated according to instruction.
- Students should perform each movement with realism.
- Students should know the purpose of each movement.
- A pattern should be performed in a rhythmic movement with the absence of stiffness.
- Each pattern should be perfected before moving onto the next.